From mid to late 19th century the gold rushes led to the permanent settlements in Canada and even at the American West Coast. The area from California to Alaska was the most important one in this regard and therefore it is highly regarded as one of the best stripes of the time. Canada also had several areas where the gold rushes led to about immigration of 100,000+ individuals.
Though all were not lucky to get the gold they dreamt of but some were highly successful. There are many areas where the famous gold rushes of Canada made sure that the settlers come and the economy gets a boom. Fraser River, Cariboo, and Klondike are the areas where still various monuments can be seen belonging to that era. The aboriginal communities of the region were however not happy with the idea as they were largely displaced. Other Canadian provinces which are famous for the gold rushes are Nova Scotia, Ontario, and Quebec. In all these provinces large-scale mining was conducted under the supervision of local governments. Some of the gold rushes which were very small scale were mainly carried out in an accidental manner. Such gold rushes are not worth mentioning.
Abitibi Gold Belt
From Wawa to Quebec the Abitibi gold belt is the discovery which was made in the gold rush era. The best part of this belt is that still mining techniques are being deployed to make sure that gold is mined. It clearly shows that still there are large gold reserves waiting to be unearthed. Since 1901 this belt has been a major source of gold within the country. There are about 100 mines in the belt where miners work all day long. Since inception, the estimated amount of gold which has been mined in this regard is about 170 million ounces in total. Timmins, Cadillac, and Holloway are some of the most important mines of the region.
Harrison Mills British Columbia
It is the area which was colonized from 1859 – 1914 and this was all due to the Fraser River gold rush. About 30,000 men and families initially headed to the area and the home-based techniques were used to make sure that the gold is mined. Many families on their way settled along the Fraser Canyon where the Harrison mills were situated and therefore the complete belt was occupied. From Mission site up to the Harrison mills is the area where most of the gold of the region was mined. The families of the era however particularly concentrated on Hope point where the extraction was considered profitable.
Queen Charlotte’s Gold Rush
This gold rush occurred in 1851 on the North Coast of British Columbia. The aboriginal tribe which was against the colonization of the area was known as Haida Gwaii. Since the very first day, American vessels also visited the area to make sure that the gold is mined. The Haida tribe made sure that the vessels are captured and the people are taken, hostage. This gold rush was considered extremely dangerous.